The Stó:lō use spindles and spindle whorls to spin their wool and a standing loom to weave. The Stó:lō, as part of the Coast Salish peoples, were one of only two indigenous groups in North America to use this type of weaving method-the Navajo were the other. Spindle whorls are usually elaborately decorated and are very personal items associated with the weavers themselves. At the most basic level, weaving with a loom involves a vertical row of string pulled taut (the warp) and a material which is pulled through these strings (the weft), alternating between going in front of the warp and behind the warp.

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