The yellow cedar can grow to a height of 45 metres and may have a trunk diameter of up to one metre. The yellow cedar is an evergreen tree that can be identified by its vertically hanging branches that appear flattened. The strong, fibrous inner bark is a yellow colour and quite soft to the touch. The wood of this tree is quite pungent and very sturdy, but does not split easily. Similarly to the red cedar, the yellow cedar thrives in very wet conditions near streams and rivers; it, however, prefers a deep soil. This tree is found from Oregon to Alaska, maintaining higher elevations in milder climates and reaching down to sea level as temperatures become colder with increased latitude. The yellow cedar does not have the same fungi-resistant oil as the red cedar, and is more prone to rot. The Stó:lō used this tree for building canoes, basketry, and for carving utensils.