Chum salmon are the second most abundant salmon available in the Pacific Northwest, and make up a significant portion of the fish that is available for fishing purposes. These salmon are typically 75 centimetres in length and weigh 4 to 6 kilograms on average, but can be as large as 12 kilograms during spawning. Chum salmon spawn late, starting the spawn season in September, and usually completing it by early December in some places. Chum are late spawners in the Fraser River and, due to this fact, they can be used as a supplementary food source in the event of diminished spring or summer salmon runs, and be used as a part of a full-year fishing strategy. Chum were mostly eaten fresh, but could also be preserved through the use of a smoking or salting method.