The term "weaving" can be used to describe the entire process of fibre collection right through to the removal of the finished product from the loom or simply the process of moving a weft through a warp, alternating between in front and behind. The actual process of moving a weft between the warp often has subtle variation on the most basic weaving pattern, depending on the desired style, use, and amount of material designated for the process. It should be noted that the Salish method of weaving does not involve a shuttle -all work is done by hand.
Loom construction does play a large part in shaping the products of weaving, and this was played on by the Coast Salish weavers as the structure of their loom was different from that of other looms used in North America. The introduction of a string cross-member, or horizontal warp, produced a weave called the reverse-warp. In order to produce this, the warp is strung to the top wood cross-member and then looped down and around the string cross-member and back up to the top wood cross-member. The warp is then strung down, past the string cross-member and around the bottom wood-cross member. The warp goes up to the string cross-member back down to the bottom cross member and is then taken back up to the top cross-member. This process is repeated all the way across the loom .
The method used alternatively to the reverse-warp method is the tubular-warp method, where the warp is wound around the two cross-members of the loom to form a tube of warp. This method has the disadvantage of requiring that the final product be cut from the loom and all the loose ends be tied together to prevent the woven product from falling apart. It was because of this that the reverse-warp method was preferred.