Access to resources, traditional transformation sites and other considerations strongly affected where the Stó:lō chose to locate their villages. Social, political and defensive issues were considered when making a choice for settlement locations. Intersections of major waterways were often the location of larger, more settled centres that would be equivalent in size to our contemporary towns. The tributaries of major waterways supported the equivalent of contemporary villages.
These small villages were off the major water routes and were possibly lived in only part of the year, given their proximity to nearby seasonal resource locations. Waterways were the major transportation corridors and contributed towards the success of trade economies.
As many of the Stó:lō people have traditionally lived along the Fraser River in the central regions of the Fraser Valley, they have had to retain connections to their ancestral lands and community connections in other regions. The Stó:lō have always utilized the rocky areas of the canyon for wind-drying salmon, resulting in many connections with the people that live in the Fraser canyon region itself. Additionally, the Stó:lō have moved throughout the Fraser Valley depending on the seasons (summer or winter) and the location of resources (marshes and meadows).