The mobility of the Stó:lō is directly linked with the Fraser River and its available resources. Distances were often measured in relation to how long it took to canoe between places. The Stó:lō lifeways, which centered upon the river and fishing, have influenced all aspects of economy, mobility, settlement patterns, communication, spirituality and family structure.
Several different resource areas were within travel distance of many settlements. These different areas contributed towards the availability of diverse natural resources and towards group mobility. Ties created through marriage strengthened relationships with neighbouring Coast Salish settlements, as well as with other Northwest Coast groups. These ties ensured access to distant resources and contributed towards the movement of the Stó:lō peoples throughout the different seasons.