The cedar tree has played a central role in the lives of the Stó:lō people as a resource and in their spirituality. The characteristics of the cedar tree allow it to be manipulated in a variety of ways to provide many resources. The wood is soft and lightweight and easily splits along the grain-making it easily worked with tools made of stone and bone, in addition to making it ideal for planks for longhouse construction. House posts, masks, and canoes were all made from the cedar tree. The Stó:lō used every part of the tree, from roots to boughs, for both material and spiritual uses-nothing was wasted.