Science

"A Journey into Time Immemorial" provides many educational tools that coincide with the learning objectives for students in grades 6 through 10 sciences.

Grade 6

Students can learn about a variety of flora while developing respect for the earth's ecosystem. The examination of the human use of forest resources will allow students to learn more about the plants and animals that the Aboriginal people have relied on throughout history.

Students will demonstrate knowledge of Aboriginal innovations, such as learning about the various types of housing and techniques used for plant food gathering. While students develop an awareness of traditional Aboriginal technology, they will begin to recognize the cultural continuity in present day First Nations practices. Cultural continuity is evident through practices such as bark stripping , fish processing , and the traditional knowledge of the ecosystem passed down through generations.

Grade 7

Students will further develop a knowledge base of flora, helping to increase their respect for the earth's ecosystem and the interconnectedness of all living things. Examination of human use of natural resources will aid in outlining the importance of resource stewardship . Students will show respect for Aboriginal knowledge of the ecosystem and their use of natural resources, with an emphasis on sustainability.

Students will research Aboriginal innovations such as the canoe and woodworking tools, created from natural resources and used in traditional contexts. The understanding of historical Aboriginal technology is an educational objective. In addition, students should recognize present-day adaptations to historical practice, indicating cultural continuity. This is evident in fishing and woodworking techniques (such as canoe construction or the production of art ).

Grade 8

At this educational level, the theme of respect is prevalent throughout examined curricula. Students will develop an awareness and respect for Aboriginal knowledge of the environment through an understanding of traditional practices. Students will recognize the emphasis placed on sustainability and environmental stewardship by First Nations people. Through examination of traditional resource management practices, such as seasonal berry collection and processing and cedar harvesting, students will recognize that traditional First Nations culture has not disappeared into history, but is alive and flourishing.

Traditional Aboriginal innovations, such as pithouses and the loom , are focal points for grade 8 Science. Housing and tools were created from natural resources in order to meet specific needs, reflecting great skill in resource management. Students are encouraged to expand their knowledge base of cedar and other trees and plants, with an emphasis on identifying the significant flora and fauna. The interconnectedness of all living things is a concept forefront in all science learning modules.

Grade 9

Students are encouraged to identify interactions between the various parts of a system. Students will understand that the earth is a living organism and the ecosystem is comprised of interconnected, interdependent parts. Students will learn the importance of Aboriginal resource stewardship , while gaining an understanding of species diversity and of the ways humans have found to adapt to their environment. For example, the various ecosystems of the Pacific Northwest provided the Sto:lo people with the opportunity to utilize and manage a wide variety of fruit and vegetable resources, and to perform land management to encourage the growth of preferred resources. Students will gain some understanding of how innovations such as canoes and woodworking tools were created from natural resources and used in traditional contexts.

Stewardship and the fine balance between meeting human needs and sustaining the environment remains a focal point at this grade level. Demonstrating respect toward Aboriginal knowledge of the ecosystem is paramount. Students will understand how plant management and land management activities are carefully planned. They will recognize native innovations (technology and medicines derived from natural resources) and learn how environmental knowledge has been conveyed through traditional stories . In doing so, students will apply language skills through naming important plants in the traditional native language , Halq'emeylem.

Grade 10

Students will compare and contrast various techniques used to educate individuals about the earth. Aboriginal teaching through traditional stories relates to this learning objective. Narratives are one of the many methods used to educate people about the earth. Narratives serve to relay vital information to future generations. An awareness of how knowledge is transmitted will enable students to develop a respect for the Aboriginal knowledge of ecosystems. Much of the environmental knowledge applied by First Nations people is ancient. Traditional stories underscore the importance of the environment stewardship while utilizing natural resources. First Nations communities learned valuable skills from their elders including tools and technology , relationships with the natural world and a better understanding of the relationships with their community.

In addition, students will apply language skills, by researching traditional plant use by the Coast Salish peoples. Students will be able to name local plants, using the traditional native names.

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