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A Journey to a New Land


Animals of the Ice Age



Caribou are hardy members of the deer family that have adapted to live in sub-arctic and arctic environments. They are medium-sized deer, with large hooves which enable them to easily travel over marshy tundra and snow. Both males and females have antlers, but the females' antlers are generally smaller than those of the males. Caribou migrate to take advantage of seasonal food resources. In the summer they eat grasses and low shrubs and in the winter, they eat mainly lichen. Caribou were one of the few large animals to escape the mass extinction of ice age animals that happened about 10,000 years ago.