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A Journey to a New Land

Post secondary Level Resources

Richardson Island

Richardson Island is an early Holocene site, located in southeastern Haida Gwaii, off the west coast of British Columbia. The earliest occupation of the site occurred when sea levels were on the rise, and repeated sediment deposition on this raised beach site resulted in a very well-stratified record of at least 23 separate occupations. The Richardson Island site is located today about 100 meters inland, in a densely forested area.

Radiocarbon dates from the earliest level indicate that the site was first occupied about 9290 ±50 years BP.

The artifacts found at that level consist of simple flake tools, biface tools and large unifacially flaked tools. The artifacts from a later occupation, beginning about 9080±60 years BP, indicate that a significant shift from bifacial tools to microblade technology had occurred.

The only animal remains that have survived at the site are a few fragments of burnt bone from fish, birds and possibly caribou.

Further Reading:

Fedje, Daryl
2003 Ancient Landscapes and Archaeology in Haida Gwaii and Hecate Strait. In Archaeology of Coastal B.C, edited by R. L. Carlson, pp 29 – 38. Archaeology Press, Simon Fraser University. Burnaby.

Richardson Island