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A Journey to a New Land

Wooly Mammoth
Post secondary Level Resources

Broken Mammoth

C. E. Holmes and D. McAllister discovered the Broken Mammoth site in the middle Tanana Valley of south central Alaska in 1989 and excavated the site over several summer field seasons.

Although only one-quarter of the site has been excavated, it has yielded a considerable artifact assemblage of approximately 20,000 items, almost evenly divided between stone tools and animal remains. The earliest level of the site yielded artifacts such as retouched flakes, scrapers, a chopper/plane scraper, waterfowl remains, proboscidean tusk fragments and bison remains. Radiocarbon dates suggest that the site may have been occupied as early as 11,700 years BP, making Broken Mammoth one of the oldest firmly-dated human occupation sites in Beringia.

Broken Mammoth

Further Reading:

Holmes, Charles E.
1996 Broken Mammoth. In American Beginnings: The Prehistory and Palaeoecology of Beringia, edited by Frederick Hadleigh West, pp. 312 - 318. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

© Courtesy of the Alaska Office of History & Archaeology, Alaska Department of Natural Resources