Dr. Brent Ward
Department of Earth Sciences, Simon Fraser University
Port Eliza Cave Paleoenvironment
The environment seems to be relatively rich and has the potential to support humans and we get this from several different lines of evidence. The presence of trees indicates that it wasn’t a really harsh tundra environment. We also have large ungulates in the form of a mountain goat, which also would provide food for people migrating down the coast. More importantly, we have evidence of a fairly rich marine environment and that would allow people to be harvesting shells and fish as they are moving down the coast to get into the more southern parts of the continent. The presence of salmon indicate that salmon runs could have been present, which again are a very good seasonal source of high quality protein which can be preserved to allow people to survive through the long winters.